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Cytokine. 2005 Mar 21;29(6):275-82.

IL-8 promotes cell proliferation and migration through metalloproteinase-cleavage proHB-EGF in human colon carcinoma cells.

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Department of Internal Medicine and Bioregulation, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.


Interleukin-8 (IL-8) has been reported to promote tumor cell growth in colon cancer cells after binding to its receptors, which are members of the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family. Recent studies demonstrated that stimulation of GPCR can induce shedding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) ligands via activation of a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM), with subsequent transactivation of the EGF receptor (EGFR). In this study, we investigated mechanisms of cell proliferation and migration stimulated by IL-8 in a human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco2). IL-8 increased DNA synthesis of Caco2 in a dose dependent manner and this was inhibited by ADAM, EGFR kinase, and MEK inhibitors. IL-8 transiently induced EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation after 5-90 min and this was completely inhibited by ADAM inhibitor. Neutralizing antibody against HB-EGF as a key ligand for EGFR also blocked transactivation of EGFR and cell proliferation by IL-8. Since IL-8-induced cell migration was further suppressed by the ADAM inhibitor and the HB-EGF neutralizing antibody, our data indicate that IL-8 induces cell proliferation and migration by an ADAM-dependent pathway, and that HB-EGF plays an important role as the major ligand for this pathway.

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