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Neurobiol Aging. 2005 Jul;26(7):1011-4. Epub 2004 Nov 21.

Genetic association between matrix metalloproteinase MMP-9 and MMP-3 polymorphisms and Japanese sporadic Alzheimer's disease.

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Department of Psychiatry, Juntendo University School of Medicine. 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421 Japan.


Recent studies suggested that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) might play an important role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). MMP-9 and MMP-3 are reported to degrade amyloid beta and have several functional polymorphisms associated with other common diseases. Four common polymorphisms in each of MMP-9 and MMP-3 were examined in AD cases and normal control individuals. Common polymorphisms of MMP-9, rs3918248, rs2664538, rs2250889 and rs2274756 showed no association with risk for AD. We observed strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) between rs2664538 and rs2250889 in our Japanese samples. The polymorphisms of MMP-3; 5A/6A insertion polymorphism in the promoter, rs3025079, rs520540 and rs679620 also did not influence risk for AD. LD of the 5A/6A polymorphism with rs679620 was relatively strong. These results suggest that the common polymorphisms of MMP-9 and MMP-3 investigated here are not associated with AD.

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