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Regul Pept. 1992 Mar 19;38(2):121-8.

Fluoxetine pretreatment potentiates intracisternal TRH analogue-stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats.

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Department of Physiology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


Central injection of TRH or its metabolically stable analogue RX 77368 has been demonstrated to produce a vagal-dependent stimulation in gastric acid secretion. Accumulating evidence exists regarding the interaction of serotonin (5HT) with TRH containing neuronal systems. This study was performed to assess the effect of pretreatment with the 5HT uptake inhibitor fluoxetine on the TRH analogue-induced gastric acid secretory response. Systemic fluoxetine (30 mumol/kg, i.v.) produced a 43-85% increase in the intracisternal RX 77368 (78-780 pmol)-induced gastric acid output, while not affecting the basal acid response. The acid response to a lower dose of RX 77368 (26 pmol) was not altered. In addition, intracisternal fluoxetine (180 nmol) produced a 71% augmentation of the acid secretory response of i.c. RX 77368 (260 pmol). Intracisternal injection of lower doses (60, 120 nmol), or intravenous injection of 180 nmol of fluoxetine was ineffective in altering the intracisternal RX 77368-induced acid response. Pretreatment with the noradrenergic or dopaminergic uptake inhibitor desipramine or GBR 12909 did not alter the RX 77368-stimulated gastric acid secretory response. The results show that fluoxetine pretreatment potentiates the effect of intracisternal RX 77368 on acid secretion. The effect appears to be impulse dependent, and central sites of action are involved. The data suggest an interaction of synaptic serotonin with a RX 77368-elicited event (activation of TRH receptors, second messenger systems and/or firing of the motor vagus) results in potentiation of the RX 77368-induced gastric response.

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