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J Pak Med Assoc. 2004 Dec;54(12 Suppl 3):S14-25.

The National Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases and Health Promotion in Pakistan--Cardiovascular diseases.

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1
Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi.

Abstract

The National Action Plan for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Control and Health Promotion in Pakistan (NAP-NCD) incorporates prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as part of a comprehensive and integrated non-communicable Disease (NCD) prevention effort. In this programme, surveillance of cardiovascular risk factors is part of an integrated population-based NCD surveillance system. The population approach to CVD prevention is a priority area in this programme with a focus on broad policy measures and behavioural change communication. The former include revision of the current policy on diet and nutrition to expand its focus on under-nutrition; the development of a physical activity policy; strategies to limit the production of, and access to, ghee as a medium for cooking and agricultural and fiscal policies that increase the demand for, and make healthy food more accessible. The programme focuses attention on improving the quality of prevention programmes within primary and basic health sites and integrates concerted primary and secondary prevention programmes into health services as part of a comprehensive and sustainable, scientifically valid, and resource-sensitive programme for all categories of healthcare providers. It promotes screening for raised blood pressure at the population level and screening for dyslipidaemia and diabetes in high-risk groups only. It highlights the need to ensure the availability of aspirin, beta blockers, thiazides, ACE inhibitors, statins and penicillin at all levels of healthcare. The programme points out the need to conduct clinical end-point trials in the native Pakistani setting to define cost-effective therapeutic strategies for primary and secondary prevention of CVDs. Emphasis is laid on building capacity of health systems in support of CVD prevention and control and building a coalition or network of organizations to add momentum to CVD prevention and control efforts.

PMID:
15745323
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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