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Braz J Biol. 2004 Nov;64(4):891-4. Epub 2005 Mar 2.

Embryonic development time of Penilia avirostris Dana, 1852 in a tropical bay in Brazil.

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Laboratório de Zooplâncton, Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21949-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.


Development time of embryos in the brood pouch of the cladoceran Penilia avirostris Dana, 1852, was estimated by collecting zooplankton daily for 15 days in surface water of Guanabara Bay, Brazil. Each day the maturity stage of embryos of 90 parthenogenic females was noted. Total development time (egg to birth) varied from 2 to 3 days, the immature phase (stages I to IV) being generally longer (2 days) than intermediate and mature phases (1 day, stages V to XII). Similar results were obtained from Bottrell's equation, which takes water temperature into account.

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