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Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Feb 1;132A(4):402-10.

Interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 in a boy with multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation: Molecular characterization of the deleted region to 5q22.3q23.3.

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South East of Scotland Genetics Service, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.


Interstitial deletions of the middle portion of the long arm of chromosome 5 are relatively rare. So far, only 36 cases have been reported. Because of the repetitive banding pattern of this region, the extent and localization of the deleted segment has not been well characterized in the majority of reported cases. This has complicated attempts to establish a definite karyotype-phenotype correlation. We report a further case with a de novo interstitial deletion of the region 5q?15 to 5q?22 identified by standard karyotype analysis. The proband presented with failure to thrive, developmental delay, distinct craniofacial dysmorphic features, and associated structural anomalies (amongst them cleft palate, iris colobomata, and horseshoe kidney, which have previously been reported in 5q deletion cases). In addition, this child had an Arnold-Chiari type I malformation that required surgical decompression. FISH studies using BAC clones spanning the 5q15 to 5q22 region revealed that these were all present in both homologues. Use of more distal clones allowed delineation of the deleted region to 5q22.3q23.3 and to narrow down the breakpoints to approximately 200 kb. The 14 Mb deleted region contains about 60 genes but, with the possible exception of FBN2 and DMXL1, there are no obvious candidate genes for the specific components of the phenotype. This case illustrates the discrepancy between cytogenetic and molecular techniques in trying to delineate 5q interstitial deletions. Molecular studies need to be performed on these patients, to establish genotype-phenotype correlation and to understand the role and influence of genes in this region.

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