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Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Mar 1;33(4):1280-9. Print 2005.

Vertebrate DNA damage tolerance requires the C-terminus but not BRCT or transferase domains of REV1.

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Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QH, UK.


REV1 is central to the DNA damage response of eukaryotes through an as yet poorly understood role in translesion synthesis. REV1 is a member of the Y-type DNA polymerase family and is capable of in vitro deoxycytidyl transferase activity opposite a range of damaged bases. However, non-catalytic roles for REV1 have been suggested by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae rev1-1 mutant, which carries a point mutation in the N-terminal BRCT domain, and the recently demonstrated ability of the mammalian protein to interact with each of the other translesion polymerases via its extreme C-terminus. Here, we show that a region adjacent to this polymerase interacting domain mediates an interaction with PCNA. These C-terminal domains of REV1 are necessary, although not sufficient, for effective tolerance of DNA damage in the avian cell line DT40, while the BRCT domain and transferase activity are not directly required. Together these data provide strong support for REV1 playing an important non-catalytic role in coordinating translesion synthesis. Further, unlike in budding yeast, rad18 is not epistatic to rev1 for DNA damage tolerance suggesting that REV1 and RAD18 play largely independent roles in the control of vertebrate translesion synthesis.

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