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J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 29;280(17):16748-53. Epub 2005 Feb 28.

Genetically engineered production of 1-desmethylcobyrinic acid, 1-desmethylcobyrinic acid a,c-diamide, and cobyrinic acid a,c-diamide in Escherichia coli implies a role for CbiD in C-1 methylation in the anaerobic pathway to cobalamin.

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  • 1Center for Biological NMR, Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3255, USA.


Co-expression of the cobA gene from Propionibacterium freudenreichii and the cbiA, -C, -D, -E, -T, -F, -G, -H, -J, -K, -L, and -P genes from Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in Escherichia coli resulted in the production of cobyrinic acid a,c-diamide. A cbiD deletion mutant of this strain produced 1-desmethylcobyrinic acid a,c-diamide, indicating that CbiD is involved in C-1 methylation in the anaerobic pathway to cobalamin. Strains that did not have the cbiP gene also produced 1-desmethylcobyrinic acid a,c-diamide, and strains that had neither cbiP nor cbiA synthesized 1-desmethylcobyrinic acid even in the presence of cbiD, suggesting that CbiA and CbiP are necessary for CbiD activity.

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