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J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Mar 9;127(9):3115-9.

Nanometal surface energy transfer in optical rulers, breaking the FRET barrier.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4390, USA.

Abstract

Optical-based distance measurements are essential for tracking biomolecular conformational changes, drug discovery, and cell biology. Traditional Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is efficient for separation distances up to 100 A. We report the first successful application of a dipole-surface type energy transfer from a molecular dipole to a nanometal surface that more than doubles the traditional Forster range (220 A) and follows a 1/R(4) distance dependence. We appended a 1.4 nm Au cluster to the 5' end of one DNA strand as the energy acceptor and a fluorescein (FAM) to the 5' end of the complementary strand as the energy donor. Analysis of the energy transfer on DNA lengths (15, 20, 30, 60bp), complemented by protein-induced DNA bending, provides the basis for fully mapping the extent of this dipole surface type mechanism over its entire usable range (50-250 A). Further, protein function is fully compatible with these nanometal-DNA constructs. Significantly extending the range of optical based methods in molecular rulers is an important leap forward for biophysics.

PMID:
15740151
DOI:
10.1021/ja043940i
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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