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J Surg Oncol. 1992 May;50(1):43-6.

Effects of surgical treatment in thymoma with myasthenia gravis: our experience in 103 patients.

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Istituto di Patologia Speciale Chirurgica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.


A retrospective study of 103 thymectomies examines the effects of the integration of surgical and medical therapy in patients affected by myasthenia gravis accompanied by thymoma. An extended thymectomy via a median longitudinal sternotomy was used in 102 patients. The operative mortality was 4.85% (5/103 patients), the 10-year survival rate was 78% with a recurrence rate of 3.06% (3/98). Neoplastic infiltration and postoperative radiotherapy did not influence the survival rate. There was no correlation between a preoperative Osserman's class better than III and postoperative outcome. The improvement of medical treatment, and anaesthesiological and intensive care techniques resulted in a decrease of the operative mortality and long-term death rate during the last 10 years of our 20-year series. Extended thymectomy via sternotomy is the best intervention in patients with myasthenia gravis associated with thymoma judged by the low operative mortality and the favorable 10-year survival rates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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