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J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2004 Autumn;5(4):71-9. Epub 2004 Oct 1.

CT-based analysis of dose homogeneity in total body irradiation using lateral beam.

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  • 1Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA. huixx019@umn.edu

Abstract

A computed tomography (CT) based treatment planning system for total body irradiation (TBI) is presented and compared with the commonly practiced lateral treatment delivery. The TBI regimen has been proved to be an essential conditional regimen for patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. The advantage of the TBI regimen with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in hematological malignancies can be offset by toxicities arising from TBI in posttransplant complications. With the increasing survival rates, the evaluation of long-term side effects and quality of life has become an important area of research interest. There have been several treatment techniques developed over the decades designed to achieve accurate dose delivery and dose homogeneity. This paper reports on the verification of the dose delivery for a basic lateral technique using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) placed in an anthropomorphic phantom and its correlation with CT-based treatment planning. CT-based treatment plans on several patients were used to evaluate the doses delivered to the whole body and critical organs. A large variation in doses delivered to the whole body was demonstrated, with some parts of the bone marrow failing to receive the prescribed dose and some critical organs, such as the lungs, receiving excessive doses. Placing the arms at the sides only partially compensates for the increased transmission of the lungs because the arms only shadow part of the lung. This study shows that CT-based treatment planning for TBI provides precise and accurate dose calculations and allows for the correlation of clinical outcomes with the doses actually delivered to various organs.

PMID:
15738922
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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