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Int J Circumpolar Health. 2004;63 Suppl 2:333-6.

Prevalence of crab asthma in crab plant workers in Newfoundland and Labrador.

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1
Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of snow crab sensitisation and occupational asthma.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prevalence study of symptoms, pulmonary function testing and allergy testing to crab was conducted in four crab plants of different design in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

METHODS:

Plants workers in four crab plants were interviewed and offered skin testing, RAST, pulmonary function testing and peak flow monitoring before and during crab processing.

RESULTS:

38% (n=78) had atopy. 18% (n=39) had certain or highly probable crab asthma. The prevalence of sensitisation in different crab plants varied from 50% (n=19) to 15% (n=16) and the prevalence of certain or highly probable crab asthma varied from 50% (n=19) to 9% (n=3).

CONCLUSION:

Crab asthma and sensitisation to snow crab is a major health problem for snow crab plant workers in Newfoundland and Labrador.

PMID:
15736679
DOI:
10.3402/ijch.v63i0.17930
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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