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Ann Nutr Metab. 2005 Jan-Feb;49(1):64-8. Epub 2005 Feb 25.

Assessment of nutritional intake, body mass index and glycemic control in patients with type-2 diabetes from northern Tanzania.

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1
Institute of Nutritional Science, University Giessen, Wilhelmstrasse 20, DE-35392 Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Little information is available about the nutrition of people with diabetes from Africa. For the treatment and prevention of diabetes by nutrition, we have assessed the major local foods in a baseline study.

METHODS:

The staple foods and meal frequencies of 53 outpatients with type-2 diabetes were assessed in a 24-hour dietary recall based on a questionnaire at a diabetes clinic in northern Tanzania in November and December 1999. In addition, data on weight and height, casual blood glucose, urinary glucose and diabetes therapy were ascertained.

RESULTS:

72% of the patients had a body mass index of > or =25 kg/m(2); 64% of patients had casual blood glucose levels of >7.8 mmol/l, 47% had >11.1 mmol/l, and most of them were treated by sulfonylureas or conventional insulin therapy. The test for urinary glucose highly correlated with the blood glucose values, and was positive in 59% of patients. 36% of the patients had < or =3 meals/day. The foods stated most frequently were stiff porridge, plantains, bread, rice, beef, milk, amaranth leaves, orange and sunflower oil. The main beverages were water, tea and milk.

CONCLUSIONS:

The baseline data obtained enable more precise dietary assessment and emphasize the need to collect more data on local food consumption in areas where pharmacological diabetes treatment is limited.

PMID:
15735369
DOI:
10.1159/000084179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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