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Inorg Chem. 2005 Mar 7;44(5):1482-91.

Interactions of Rh(III)-dihydrido-bis(phosphine) complexes with semicarbazones.

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Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada.


Interaction of cis,trans,cis-[Rh(H)2(PR3)2(acetone)2]PF6 complexes (R = aryl or R3 = Ph2Me, Ph2Et) under H2 with E-semicarbazones gives the Rh(III)-dihydrido-bis(phosphine)-semicarbazone species cis,trans-[Rh(H)2(PR3)2{R'(R' ')C=N-N(H)CONH2}]PF6, where R' and R' ' are Ph, Et, or Me. The complexes are generally characterized by elemental analysis, 31P{1H} NMR, 1H NMR, and IR spectroscopies, and MS. X-ray analysis of three PPh3 complexes reveals chelation of E-semicarbazones by the imine-N atom and the carbonyl-O atom. In contrast, the corresponding reaction of [Rh(H)2(PPhMe2)2(acetone)2]PF6 with acetophenone semicarbazone gives the ortho-metalated-semicarbazone species cis-[RhH(PPhMe2)2{o-C6H4(Me)C=N-N(H)CONH2}]PF6. The X-ray structure of E-propiophenone semicarbazone is also reported. Rhodium-catalyzed, homogeneous hydrogenation of semicarbazones was not observed even at 40 atm H2.


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