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Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Feb 24;33(4):e41.

Targeted 'knockdown' of spliceosome function in mammalian cells.

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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Institut für Toxikologie und Genetik Postfach 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany.


The existence of two sophisticated parallel splicing machineries in multicellular organisms has raised intriguing questions--ranging from their impact on proteome expansion to the evolution of splicing and of metazoan genomes. Exploring roles for the distinct splicing systems in vivo has, however, been restricted by the lack of techniques to selectively inhibit their function in cells. In this study, we show that morpholino oligomers complementary to the branch-site recognition elements of U2 or U12 small nuclear RNA specifically suppress the function of the two splicing systems in mammalian cells. The data provide the first evidence for a role of distinct spliceosomes in pre-mRNA splicing from endogenous mammalian genes and establish a tool to define roles for the different splicing machineries in vivo.

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