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Development. 2005 Apr;132(7):1525-37. Epub 2005 Feb 23.

Roles of cell-adhesion molecules nectin 1 and nectin 3 in ciliary body development.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine/Faculty of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

Nectins are Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell-adhesion molecules consisting of four members. Nectins homophilically and heterophilically trans-interact to form a variety of cell-cell junctions, including cadherin-based adherens junctions in epithelial cells and fibroblasts in culture, synaptic junctions in neurons, and Sertoli cell-spermatid junctions in the testis, in cooperation with, or independently of, cadherins. To further explore the function of nectins, we generated nectin 1-/- and nectin 3-/-)mice. Both nectin 1-/- and nectin 3-/- mice showed a virtually identical ocular phenotype, microphthalmia, accompanied by a separation of the apex-apex contact between the pigment and non-pigment cell layers of the ciliary epithelia. Immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy revealed that nectin 1 and nectin 3, but not nectin 2, localized at the apex-apex junctions between the pigment and non-pigment cell layers of the ciliary epithelia. However, nectin 1-/- and nectin 3-/- mice showed no impairment of the apicolateral junctions between the pigment epithelia where nectin 1, nectin 2 and nectin 3 localized, or of the apicolateral junctions between the non-pigment epithelia where nectin 2 and nectin 3, but not nectin 1, localized. These results indicate that the heterophilic trans-interaction between nectin 1 and nectin 3 plays a sentinel role in establishing the apex-apex adhesion between the pigment and non-pigment cell layers of the ciliary epithelia that is essential for the morphogenesis of the ciliary body.

PMID:
15728677
DOI:
10.1242/dev.01697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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