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J Immunol. 2005 Mar 1;174(5):2661-70.

Recognition of a new ARTC1 peptide ligand uniquely expressed in tumor cells by antigen-specific CD4+ regulatory T cells.

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1
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy and Department of Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

CD4(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play an important role in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance by suppressing immune responses against autoimmune diseases and cancer. Yet very little is known about the natural antigenic ligands that preferentially activate CD4(+) Treg cells. Here we report the establishment of tumor-specific CD4(+) Treg cell clones from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) of cancer patients, and the identification of an Ag recognized by Treg cells (ARTC1) gene encoding a peptide ligand recognized by tumor-specific TIL164 CD4(+) Treg cells. The mutations in a gene encoding an ARTC1 in 164mel tumor cells resulted in the translation of a gene product containing the peptide ligand recognized by CD4(+) Treg cells. ARTC1 peptide-activated CD4(+) Treg cells suppress the physiological function (proliferation and IL-2 secretion) of melanoma-reactive T cells. Furthermore, 164mel tumor cells, but not tumor lysates pulsed on B cells, were capable of activating TIL164 CD4(+) Treg cells. These results suggest that tumor cells may uniquely present an array of peptide ligands that preferentially recruit and activate CD4(+) Treg cells in sites where tumor-specific self-peptide is expressed, leading to the induction of local and tumor-specific immune suppression.

PMID:
15728473
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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