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J Cell Sci. 2005 Mar 15;118(Pt 6):1151-9. Epub 2005 Feb 22.

Stress alters the subcellular distribution of hSlu7 and thus modulates alternative splicing.

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1
Department of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Erratum in

  • J Cell Sci. 2005 Mar 15;118(Pt 6):1331.

Abstract

During pre-mRNA splicing, introns are removed and exons are ligated to form an mRNA. Exon choice is determined by different nuclear protein concentrations varying among tissues and cell types or by developmental stage. These can be altered by different cellular circumstances such as physiological stimuli, environmental effects and phosphorylation state. The splicing factor hSlu7 plays an important role in 3' splice site selection during the second step of splicing in vitro and has been suggested to affect alternative splicing in vivo. Our results indicate that an ultraviolet-C (UV-C) stress stimulus triggers changes in the alternative splicing patterns of cellular genes by decreasing the nuclear concentration of hSlu7 through the modulation of its nucleus-to-cytoplasm transport. This shift is mostly dependent on the Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade. Although we found by RNAi knockdown that hSlu7 is not essential for cell viability, its nuclear concentration effects exon choice and inclusion:skipping ratio of alternative splicing. A possible spatial and temporal regulatory mechanism by which hSlu7 protein levels are regulated within the nucleus is suggested, thus implying a broad effect of hSlu7 on alternative splicing.

PMID:
15728250
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.01720
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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