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Bioorg Med Chem. 2005 Mar 15;13(6):2079-87.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-aminothiazoles and their amide derivatives on human adenosine receptors. Lack of effect of 2-aminothiazoles as allosteric enhancers.

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Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Division of Medicinal Chemistry, PO Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands.


A number of 2-aminothiazoles (2a-e) and their amide derivatives (4-10) were prepared. The 2-aminothiazoles themselves were tested as allosteric enhancers of agonist binding to human adenosine A(1) receptors. In a variety of experimental set-ups the compounds did not show any such effect, in contrast to earlier findings by another research group. Subsequently the 2-aminothiazoles were used as intermediates in the synthesis of a number of amide derivatives of either aromatic (4-6) or aliphatic nature (7-10). Some of the compounds emerged as moderately active antagonists on human adenosine A(1) and/or A(2A) receptors with lower or negligible potency at adenosine A(3) receptors.

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