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Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2005 Mar;7(2):88-94.

Raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: innovative strategies against an old adversary.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, MS 523D, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


The lipid hypothesis, which was proposed over 100 years ago, is based on the premise that dyslipidemia is central to the process of atherosclerosis. Low-density lipoprotein and lipoprotein(a) are clearly atherogenic, whereas the role of very low-density lipoprotein as an independent factor is controversial. The only lipoprotein that is clearly antiatherogenic is high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is thought to reduce coronary risk by mediating cholesterol efflux from the periphery by way of transportation to the liver for excretion. Traditionally, fibric acid derivatives and nicotinic acid were the major pharmacologic agents used to raise circulating levels of HDL. Recent therapeutic advances have been made in the ability to increase HDL. Apolipoprotein A-I Milano and cholesterol ester transfer protein represent novel approaches to the pharmacologic therapy of individuals with low HDL levels. The mechanisms and clinical implications of these interventions are discussed here.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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