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Can J Occup Ther. 2005 Feb;72(1):45-56.

[Theories of behavior change through preventive and health promotion interventions in occupational therapy].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Santé de l'Université de Montréal, Ecole de Réadaptation, Faculté de Médecine, Montréal, Québec. johanne.filiatrault@umontreal.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Community occupational therapy practice challenges therapists in their health educator role and incites them to implement preventive strategies with their clients. Working in the community also provides an interesting context for the implementation of strategies targeting health promotion at the community level.

PURPOSE:

This article describes some of the theories that are used in the public health and health promotion fields to explain health-related behaviour change. It also highlights their potential for community practice in occupational therapy. The theories presented in this paper are the health belief model, social cognitive theory, theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior. They are among the most widely used for health-related behaviour analysis and intervention.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Since these theories emphasize a set of factors that influence health behaviours, reviewing these theories could contribute to enhance the effectiveness of educational interventions with regards to clients'adherence to their prevention and health promotion recommendations.

PMID:
15727048
DOI:
10.1177/000841740507200110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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