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Br J Haematol. 2005 Mar;128(5):583-92.

Modern management of myelofibrosis.

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  • 1Haematology Department, Hospital ClĂ­nic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.


The conventional treatment of myelofibrosis involves a wait-and-see approach for asymptomatic patients, oral chemotherapy for the hyperproliferative forms of the disease, androgens or erythropoietin for the anaemia, and splenectomy in selected patients. Low-dose thalidomide plus prednisone is a well-tolerated therapy for the anaemia and the thrombocytopenia of myelofibrosis, whereas imatinib has shown little efficacy. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is the only curative therapy for myelofibrosis. Its standard modality has an associated mortality of about 30% and can be applied to younger patients with high-risk disease or resistant to conventional treatment. Reduced-intensity conditioning allo-SCT involves a low mortality and is a promising therapy for patients aged 45-70 years old with the above characteristics. Autologous SCT is a palliative therapy for patients resistant to conventional treatment who lack a suitable donor. The next candidates for the treatment of myelofibrosis are the thalidomide derivatives, the proteasome inhibitors, and vascular endothelial growth factor neutralizing antibodies.

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