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Exp Cell Res. 1992 Jun;200(2):242-52.

The Mac-1 and p150,95 beta 2 integrins bind denatured proteins to mediate leukocyte cell-substrate adhesion.

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La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation, California 92037.


Activated monocytic cells and neutrophils adhere to substrates coated with a wide variety of proteins including albumins, catalase, casein, and various extracellular matrix proteins. This adhesion can be specifically inhibited by antibodies directed to the beta 2 integrin subunit. This adhesion to protein substrates shares some similarities with two known protein-protein recognition systems with little apparent binding specificity, namely, the interactions of heat shock proteins and histocompatibility antigens with denatured proteins or peptides. Cell adhesion and affinity chromatography experiments were performed to test the hypothesis that monocytes and neutrophils adhere to and migrate on protein substrates due to the presence of cell surface receptors that recognize common protein structures such as denatured protein epitopes. Adhesion experiments revealed that activated monocytic cells adhere more rapidly and extensively on substrates coated with denatured protein versus native protein. Both adhesion and migration on such substrates in vitro was dependent on beta 2 integrins since blocking antibodies completely interfered with these cellular responses. Affinity chromatography experiments revealed that the Mac-1 and p150,95 integrins could be isolated from monocyte-differentiated HL-60 cells or neutrophils on a denatured protein-Sepharose column. Much greater yields of the receptors were obtained on a denatured versus native protein Sepharose column. The binding of these receptors was specific in that the LFA-1 beta 2 integrin did not bind to the denatured protein column. These data provide evidence that the adhesion of activated monocytes and neutrophils to many protein substrates in vitro is due to the ability of Mac-1 and p150,95 to directly bind to denatured proteins. A model of leukocyte adhesion and invasion whereby activated leukocytes denature extracellular proteins during diapedesis, making them suitable for recognition by beta 2 integrins, is proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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