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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Apr 15;205(2):799-808.

Novel oligosaccharide constituents of the cellulase complex of Bacteroides cellulosolvens.

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1
Bijvoet Center, Department of Bio-Organic Chemistry, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The multiple cellulase-containing protein complex, isolated from the cellulolytic bacterium Bacteroides cellulosolvens, contains oligosaccharides which are O-linked mainly to a 230-kDa subunit. The oligosaccharide chains were liberated by alkaline-borohydride treatment and fractionated as oligosaccharide alditols via gel-permeation chromatography and HPLC. The fractions were investigated by one- and two-dimensional (correlation, homonuclear Hartmann-Hahn, rotating-frame nuclear Overhauser enhancement) 500-MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy in combination with monosaccharide and methylation analyses and with fast-atom-bombardment mass spectrometry. The following carbohydrate structures could be established: [formula: see text] The results indicate an interesting similarity between the oligosaccharide moieties of the cellulase complex of B. cellulosolvens and of Clostridium thermocellum [Gerwig, G. J., Kamerling, J. P., Vliegenthart, J. F. G., Morag (Morgenstern), E., Lamed, R. & Bayer, E. A. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 196, 115-122], having 3, 5 and 6 as common elements. The furanose form of a terminal alpha-D-galactose residue demonstrated an inhibitory effect on the interaction of Griffonia simplicifolia I isolectin B4 with the cellulosome-like entity of B. cellulosolvens.

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