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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Apr 15;205(2):459-66.

Characterization of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase. Primary structure of the Pseudomonas enzyme.

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Department of Clinical Chemistry, Gothenburg, University, Sahlgren's Hospital, Sweden.


The primary structure of Pseudomonas 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase was determined. Sequence degradation of the intact protein and of peptides from three different digests of the carboxymethylated protein established a 357-residue polypeptide chain with a free alpha-amino group. Hydroxylamine cleavage at a single Asn-Gly sequence was useful. Comparisons with known structures in data banks revealed no close relationship with other characterized proteins. The human enzyme has a related composition, suggesting that also the eukaryotic form belongs to this protein type, but with a blocked N-terminus like in many other eukaryotic intracellular proteins. Secondary structure predictions suggest an alpha/beta mixed structure, fairly typical of globular proteins, without long segments of hydrophobicity or charge, although a region in the middle of the C-terminal third of the subunit appears to have the most extreme properties. A ferric centre, correlating with enzyme activity and absorbance at 595 nm, has previously been assigned to tyrosinate coordination. The Tyr and His distributions, and the position of a single Cys residue, all suggest a few likely sites, outside the C-terminal segment, for this centre.

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