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J Pharm Pharmacol. 2005 Feb;57(2):197-203.

The changes in the endothelial expression of cell adhesion molecules and iNOS in the vessel wall after the short-term administration of simvastatin in rabbit model of atherosclerosis.

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1
Department of Biological and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Charles University Hradec Kralove, Heyrovskeho 1203, Hradec Kralove 50005, Czech Republic. nachti@faf.cuni.cz

Abstract

Cell adhesion molecules P-selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. High levels of nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) have been associated with atherosclerotic processes. Simvastatin is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor responsible for many clinical benefits. The aim of this study was to detect and quantify changes in endothelial expression of P-selectin, VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and iNOS in the vessel wall after the shortterm administration of simvastatin in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (n=6). In the cholesterol group, rabbits consumed an atherogenic diet (0.4% cholesterol) for eight weeks. In the simvastatin group, rabbits consumed an atherogenic diet for six weeks and then consumed an atherogenic diet supplemented with simvastatin (10 mg kg(-1)) for two weeks. Biochemical analysis showed that administration of simvastatin led to an almost two-fold lowering of the total serum cholesterol, VLDL, LDL and HDL, but not triglycerides, compared with the cholesterol-fed rabbits only. Stereological analysis of the immunohistochemical staining revealed that administration of simvastatin (10 mg kg(-1) daily) in an atherogenic diet decreased the endothelial expression of P-selectin, ICAM-1 and iNOS in both aortic arch and carotid artery compared with the cholesterol fed-rabbits only. We conclude that simvastatin has beneficial effects on endothelial function by decreasing expression of P-selectin, ICAM-1 and iNOS in endothelial cells in the very early stages of atherogenesis.

PMID:
15720783
DOI:
10.1211/0022357055353
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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