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Int Immunopharmacol. 2005 Apr;5(4):679-88.

Effects produced by Royal Jelly on haematopoiesis: relation with host resistance against Ehrlich ascites tumour challenge.

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Departamento de Farmacologia/Hemocentro, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), PO Box 6111, CEP 13084-970, Campinas-SP, Brazil.


Royal jelly (RJ) was shown to exhibit immunomodulatory properties, although its biological activity is still unclear. In order to elucidate the mechanism whereby RJ activates the immunological system, we examined the role of this substance on the haematopoietic response of Ehrlich ascites tumour (EAT)-bearing mice. Our results demonstrated that RJ prevented the myelosupression induced by the temporal evolution of the tumour and abrogated the splenic haematopoiesis observed in EAT-bearing mice. The stimulating effect of RJ was also observed in vitro on the multipotent bone marrow stem cells, evaluated by the long-term bone marrow cultures (LTBMCs). The study of survival clearly showed the antitumour activity of RJ. Treatment was given prophylactically for 20 days and therapeutically for 3, 8 and 13 days. Except for the treatment with the lower dose of 500 mg/kg, given for 23 days, all the other dose schedules were able to prolong survival. A more effective antitumoural response was observed with the more prolonged treatment regimen. In this regard, the administration of RJ for 33 days produced the highest protection reaching an extension of survival at about 38%, 71% and 85% for the doses of 500, 1000 and 1500 mg/kg, respectively, whereas with the 23 and 28 days treatment schedules, survival increased at a rate of 19% and 23%, respectively, and comparable results were found among the effective doses of RJ. Increased survival rate might be related to the decreased Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels observed in EAT-bearing mice after RJ treatment. These results point to RJ as a promising modifier of biological response leading to myeloprotection and antitumour activity.

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