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Injury. 2005 Mar;36(3):400-6.

Extremity vascular trauma in civilian population: a seven-year review from North India.

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Department of General Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.


This is a retrospective study of the experience with extremity vascular trauma at a tertiary level referral centre in North India where the majority of the population lives in villages and the incidence of high-speed automobile accidents and civilian violence is low. The aim was to study the aetiology, pattern of injuries and the mortality and morbidity rates due to vascular trauma in our population. Data relating to 148 patients presenting with vascular trauma requiring surgical intervention other than amputation between January 1996 and December 2002 were collected retrospectively. There were 132 males and 16 females with a mean age of 39 years presenting to the casualty with a median delay of 9.3 h after injury. Blunt trauma accounted for 84% of the injuries with extremities involved in 88%. The brachial artery was the most common artery injured with the femoral next most common. Repair without graft interposition was done in 74% and autogenous vein grafts were used in 23% of cases. Comparison of our results with those that would have been obtained, had the recommendations of Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS) been followed, showed that this scoring system had low sensitivity and specificity for prediction of salvageability of limbs. Eight percent patients died due to associated visceral organ injuries. Complications occurred in 32% patients and amputation was required in 6% of patients after an initial surgical repair mainly due to inadequate functional recovery. Eighty-eight percent of the survivors with salvaged limbs were able to achieve full functional recovery. Judicious selection and appropriate intervention can result in satisfactory limb salvage with good functional outcomes even with delayed presentations.

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