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J Abnorm Psychol. 2005 Feb;114(1):3-15.

Neighborhood context, personality, and stressful life events as predictors of depression among African American women.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, IA 50010, USA. ccutrona@iastate.edu

Abstract

The authors tested neighborhood context, negative life events, and negative affectivity as predictors of the onset of major depression among 720 African American women. Neighborhood-level economic disadvantage (e.g., percentage of residents below the poverty line) and social disorder (e.g., delinquency, drug use) predicted the onset of major depression when controlling for individual-level demographic characteristics. Neighborhood-level disadvantage/disorder interacted with negative life events, such that women who experienced recent negative life events and lived in high disadvantage/disorder neighborhoods were more likely to become depressed than were those who lived in more benign settings, both concurrently and over a 2-year period. Neighborhood disadvantage/disorder can be viewed as a vulnerability factor that increases susceptibility to depression following the experience of negative life events.

PMID:
15709807
PMCID:
PMC1913477
DOI:
10.1037/0021-843X.114.1.3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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