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Biochemistry. 2005 Feb 22;44(7):2632-41.

Effects of ionic strength on the functional interactions between CYP2B4 and CYP1A2.

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Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and The Stanley S. Scott Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 533 Bolivar Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA.


The presence of one P450 can influence the catalytic characteristics of a second enzyme through the formation of heteromeric P450 complexes. Such a complex has been reported for mixed reconstituted systems containing NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase, CYP2B4, and CYP1A2, where a dramatic inhibition of 7-pentoxyresorufin-O-dealkylation (PROD) was observed when compared to simple reconstituted systems containing reductase and a single P450 enzyme. The goal of the present study was to characterize this interaction by examining the potential of the CYP1A2-CYP2B4 complex to be formed by charge-pair interactions. With ionic interactions being sensitive to the surrounding ionic environment, monooxygenase activities were measured in both simple systems and mixed reconstituted systems as a function of ionic strength. PROD was found to be decreased at high ionic strength in both simple and mixed reconstituted systems, due to disruption of reductase-P450 complexes. Additionally, the inhibition of PROD in mixed reconstituted systems was relieved at high ionic strength, consistent with disruption of the CYP2B4-CYP1A2 complex. When ionic strength was measured as a function of CYP1A2 concentration, a shift to the right in the inflection point of the biphasic curve occurred at high ionic strength, consistent with a loss in CYP1A2 affinity for CYP2B4. When this analysis was applied to the same systems using a different substrate, 7-EFC, evidence for a high-affinity complex was not observed, demonstrating that the characteristics of the CYP1A2-CYP2B4 complex are influenced by the substrates present. These results support the role for a substrate specific electrostatic interaction between these P450 enzymes.

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