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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Feb 21;1687(1-3):130-40.

Multiple lipid transport pathways to the plasma membrane in yeast.

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Institute of Biochemistry, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria.


The plasma membrane of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is devoid of lipid-synthesizing enzymes, but contains all classes of bilayer-forming lipids. As the lipid composition of the plasma membrane does not match any of the intracellular membranes, specific trafficking of lipids from internal membranes, especially the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi, to the cell periphery is required. Although the secretory pathway is an obvious route to translocate glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids and sterols to the plasma membrane, experimental evidence for the role of this pathway in lipid transport is rare. Addressing this issue in a systematic way, we labeled temperature-sensitive secretory yeast mutants (sec mutants) with appropriate lipid precursors, isolated the plasma membranes at high purity and quantified labeled lipids of this compartment. Shifting sec mutants to the restrictive temperature reduced transport of both proteins and lipids to the plasma membrane, indicating that the latter compounds are also trafficked to the cell periphery through the protein secretory pathway. However, efficient sec blocks did not abrogate protein and lipid transport, suggesting that parallel pathway(s) for the translocation of membrane components to the plasma membrane of yeast must exist.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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