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Placenta. 2005 Feb-Mar;26(2-3):251-61.

Development of the haemophagous region and labyrinth of the placenta of the tenrec, Echinops telfairi.

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Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.


Our purpose was to determine how the central haemophagous region and cellular haemomonochorial labyrinth of the tenrec placenta are formed. The haemophagous region is preceded by a region of invasion of the endometrium by trophoblast comprising a cytotrophoblast layer covered by syncytial trophoblast and contiguous with numerous masses of multinucleate trophoblast. The trophoblast intrudes into the endometrium, eliminating the stroma, although small vessels and clumps of glandular epithelium persist. This extensive central region is connected to the forming disk by a ring of chorioallantois covered by a single layer of columnar trophoblast. Later the multinucleate masses and syncytial trophoblast degenerate. The unilaminar cytotrophoblast remains, is elaborated into folds, and phagocytoses glandular secretion, cell debris and erythrocytes. As the central area is transforming, fetal capillaries move into the cytotrophoblast pads surrounding the central zone. Prior to this, the cytotrophoblast has formed a multilayered structure and interrupted maternal vessels to create an anastomotic network of blood spaces lined by cytotrophoblast. The invasion of fetal capillaries transforms this preplacental pad into a cellular haemomonochorial labyrinth with the uninvaded portion forming an underlying spongy zone. Thus interaction of the trophoblast with the endometrium is substantially different in the central zone compared to the area of the preplacental pad.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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