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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Mar 25;328(4):973-8.

Activation of hepatic branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex by tumor necrosis factor-alpha in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) promotes oxidation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). BCAA catabolism is regulated by branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex, which is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the E1alpha subunit at Ser293. BCKDH kinase is responsible for inactivation of the complex by phosphorylation. In the present study, we examined the effects of TNFalpha administration on hepatic BCKDH complex and kinase in rats. Rats were intravenously administered with 25 or 50 microg TNFalpha/kg body weight 4 h prior to sacrifice. The TNFalpha treatment at both doses elevated the activity state (percentage of the active form) of BCKDH complex from 22% to 69% and 86%, respectively, and the amount of phospho-Ser293 on the E1alpha subunit in each group of rats corresponded inversely to the activity state of BCKDH complex. The TNFalpha treatment of rats significantly decreased the activity as well as the bound form of BCKDH kinase. These results suggest that the decrease in the bound form of kinase is involved in the mechanism responsible for TNFalpha-induced activation of the BCKDH complex.

PMID:
15707973
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.01.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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