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Plant Physiol Biochem. 2004 Dec;42(12):943-62. Epub 2005 Jan 18.

Plant membrane proteomics.

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Institut des Sciences du Végétal, CNRS (UPR 2355), Bâtiment 22, avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette cedex, France.


Plant membrane proteins are involved in many different functions according to their location in the cell. For instance, the chloroplast has two membrane systems, thylakoids and envelope, with specialized membrane proteins for photosynthesis and metabolite and ion transporters, respectively. Although recent advances in sample preparation and analytical techniques have been achieved for the study of membrane proteins, the characterization of these proteins, especially the hydrophobic ones, is still challenging. The present review highlights recent advances in methodologies for identification of plant membrane proteins from purified subcellular structures. The interest of combining several complementary extraction procedures to take into account specific features of membrane proteins is discussed in the light of recent proteomics data, notably for chloroplast envelope, mitochondrial membranes and plasma membrane from Arabidopsis. These examples also illustrate how, on one hand, proteomics can feed bioinformatics for a better definition of prediction tools and, on the other hand, although prediction tools are not 100% reliable, they can give valuable information for biological investigations. In particular, membrane proteomics brings new insights over plant membrane systems, on both the membrane compartment where proteins are working and their putative cellular function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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