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Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1992 Spring;16(2):101-7.

Erich Lexer's mammaplasty.

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Clinica Mirasierra de Cirugía Plástica-Estética, Madrid, Spain.


A summary of Hans May's biography of Erich Lexer is reproduced, followed by a translation of Lexer's first publication, in Spain in 1921, on the correction of pendular breasts. Lexer's fundamental contributions to mammaplasty are analyzed. This author was the first in the history of mammaplasty to perform breast reduction with an "open" nipple-areola complex transposition, with preservation of the continuity of the skin to the remaining gland. This feature was far ahead of its time, as the techniques based on this concept did not become popular until after 1955. Lexer also was the first to propose subcutaneous mastectomy for treatment of fibrocystic disease, to perform breast augmentation in the ptotic hypoplastic breast with fat flaps, and to use free fat grafts taken from the abdomen or hips for augmentation mammaplasty.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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