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Water Res. 2005 Feb;39(4):728-34. Epub 2005 Jan 11.

Effects of ozonation on the permeate flux of nanocrystalline ceramic membranes.

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Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.


Titania membranes, with a molecular weight cut-off of 15 kD were used in an ozonation/membrane system that was fed with water from Lake Lansing, which had been pre-filtered through a 0.45 microm glass fiber filter. The application of ozone gas prior to filtration resulted in significant decreases in membrane fouling. The effects of ozonation could not be explained by physical scouring of the filter cake. Decrease in the pH resulted in a concomitant increase in the dissolved ozone concentration in the feed water and in an improvement in permeate flux recovery. Increasing the ozone concentration beyond a threshold value had no beneficial effect on permeate flux recovery. Ozone decomposition, resulting in the formation of OH or other radicals at the membrane surface, is thought to result in the decomposition of organic foulants at the membrane surface and reduce the extent of membrane fouling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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