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J Mass Spectrom. 2005 Feb;40(2):169-75.

Effect of chronic morphine exposure on the synaptic plasma-membrane subproteome of rats: a quantitative protein profiling study based on isotope-coded affinity tags and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0485, USA.


The effect of chronic morphine exposure on the synaptic plasma-membrane subproteome in rats was studied by the isotope-coded affinity tag (ICAT) method coupled with capillary reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry. ICAT-labeled tryptic peptides of synaptic membrane proteins were successfully identified using tandem mass spectrometry in conjunction with protein database searching. Several important synaptic plasma-membrane proteins displayed significant regulation changes as a result of chronic morphine exposure in vivo. In particular, an integral membrane protein Na(+)/K+ ATPase (alpha-subunit) involved in regulation of the cell membrane potential by controlling sodium and potassium ion permeability was downregulated by 39 +/- 2%. This result was in excellent agreement with the reduction in electrogenic Na+, K+ pumping due to about 40% downregulation of Na(+)/K+ ATPase alpha3-isoform in myenteric S-neurons of morphine-exposed guinea-pigs measured by others via immunohistochemistry. The decrease in the abundance of non-erythroid alpha II-spectrin in the synaptic plasma-membrane fraction was also observed, which was hypothetically associated with the breakdown of the protein due to the upregulation of the proteolytic enzyme caspase-3 upon chronic morphine exposure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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