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Respir Res. 2005 Feb 10;6:15.

Correlation of exhaled breath temperature with bronchial blood flow in asthma.

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Department of Thoracic Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK.


In asthma elevated rates of exhaled breath temperature changes (Deltae degrees T) and bronchial blood flow (Qaw) may be due to increased vascularity of the airway mucosa as a result of inflammation.We investigated the relationship of Deltae degrees T with Qaw and airway inflammation as assessed by exhaled nitric oxide (NO). We also studied the anti-inflammatory and vasoactive effects of inhaled corticosteroid and beta2-agonist.Deltae degrees T was confirmed to be elevated (7.27 +/- 0.6 Delta degrees C/s) in 19 asthmatic subjects (mean age +/- SEM, 40 +/- 6 yr; 6 male, FEV1 74 +/- 6 % predicted) compared to 16 normal volunteers (4.23 +/- 0.41 Delta degrees C/s, p < 0.01) (30 +/- 2 yr) and was significantly increased after salbutamol inhalation in normal subjects (7.8 +/- 0.6 Delta degrees C/ s, p < 0.05) but not in asthmatic patients. Qaw, measured using an acetylene dilution method was also elevated in patients with asthma compared to normal subjects (49.47 +/- 2.06 and 31.56 +/- 1.6 mul/ml/min p < 0.01) and correlated with exhaled NO (r = 0.57, p < 0.05) and Deltae degrees T (r = 0.525, p < 0.05). In asthma patients, Qaw was reduced 30 minutes after the inhalation of budesonide 400 mug (21.0 +/- 2.3 mul/ml/min, p < 0.05) but was not affected by salbutamol.Deltae degrees T correlates with Qaw and exhaled NO in asthmatic patients and therefore may reflect airway inflammation, as confirmed by the rapid response to steroids.

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