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J Strength Cond Res. 2005 Feb;19(1):189-92.

Reliability of rate of velocity development and phase measures on an isokinetic device.

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Division of Kinesiology and Health Science, California State University, Fullerton, California 92834, USA.


Isokinetic dynamometers have been measured for torque and force reliability in the past, but little research has been performed on rate of velocity development (RVD) measures. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of RVD measures on an isokinetic device at slow and fast speeds. Twenty volunteers performed 5 repetitions of concentric knee extension at 1.04 and 4.18 rad.s(-1) on a Kin-Com isokinetic dynamometer. Each subject was identically posttested 7 days later. Data were separated into 3 velocity range-of-motion (ROM) phases of RVD, load range (LR), and deceleration (DCCROM). Analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were performed to analyze the mean data between day 1 and day 2, while intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were performed for reliability. Results at 1.04 rad.s(-1) demonstrated a low but significant (p < 0.05) ICC value (0.58) only for LR, while at 4.18 rad.s(-1) RVD (0.87), LR (0.83), and DCC (0.55) all exhibited significant ICC values. Percent error for high-speed testing ranged from 1.4-3.19%. No variable exhibited a significant mean difference between testing days. These results collectively point to moderate to high phase reliability for RVD measures at fast speeds of testing, while the slow speed showed very low reliability. Therefore, care should be exercised at slow speeds when comparing RVD measures from test to test.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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