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Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2003 May;19(3):216-31.

Cholestatic syndromes.

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Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Karl-Franzens University, School of Medicine, Graz, Austria.


Further insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hepatobiliary transport function and its regulation now permit a better understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment options of cholestatic liver diseases. Identification of the molecular basis of hereditary cholestatic syndromes will result in an improved diagnosis and management of these conditions. New insights into the pathogenesis of extrahepatic manifestations of cholestasis (eg, pruritus) have facilitated new treatment strategies. Important new studies have been published about the pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, cholestasis of pregnancy, total parenteral nutrition-induced cholestasis, drug-induced cholestasis, and viral cholestatic syndromes.

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