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J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;45(3):246-56.

Population pharmacokinetic analysis and simulation of the time-concentration profile of etanercept in pediatric patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

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Center for Drug Development Science, Department of Pharmacology, Box 571441, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057-1441, USA.


This study was performed to estimate the population pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of etanercept in pediatric juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) patients and to compare the steady-state time-concentration profiles between etanercept 0.8-mg/kg once-weekly and 0.4-mg/kg twice-weekly subcutaneous (SC) regimens by clinical trial simulation. To this end, mixed-effect analysis (NONMEM, Version 5.1) was performed using the etanercept PK database consisting of 69 JRA patients (4-17 years). Based on the population PK parameters obtained herein, a Monte Carlo clinical trial simulation experiment was conducted to compare the PK profiles in 200 virtual JRA patients who randomly received either etanercept 0.4 mg/kg SC twice weekly or 0.8 mg/kg once weekly for 12 weeks. The following population PK model could adequately describe etanercept PK profiles for twice-weekly SC dosing of 0.4 mg/kg: CL/F (L/h)=0.0576 (female) or 0.0772 (male) x (body surface area in m2/1.071)1.41, V/F(L)=7.88 x (body weight in kg/30.8). The means +/- standard deviations of simulated trough concentrations for 0.8-mg/kg once-weekly and 0.4-mg/kg twice-weekly dosing regimens were 1.58 +/- 1.07 mg/L and 1.92 +/- 1.09 mg/L, respectively. Peaks during 0.8-mg/kg once-weekly dosing (2.92 +/- 1.41 mg/L) were only 11% higher than during 0.4 mg/kg twice-weekly dosing (2.62 +/- 1.23 mg/L). In conclusion, the clinical trial simulation confirmed that 0.8-mg/kg once-weekly and 0.4-mg/kg twice-weekly SC regimens of etanercept are expected to yield overlapping steady-state time-concentration profiles, leading to equivalent clinical outcomes. This has been the basis of the recent Food and Drug Administration approval of the 0.8-mg/kg once-weekly regimen in pediatric patients with JRA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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