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Oncogene. 1992 May;7(5):859-67.

Inhibition of Fos- and Ras-induced transformation by mutant Fos proteins with structural alterations in functionally different domains.

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Institut für Molekularbiologie und Tumorforschung (IMT), Phillips-Universität Marburg, Germany.


We show that transformation-defective Fos proteins lacking either a functional leucine zipper (mutants L345 and J/R510s) or the 110 amino-terminal amino acids (mutant BR800) inhibit the induction of morphological transformation by v-Fos. Both types of mutants specifically repress transformation without any significant effect on cell proliferation. In contrast, several transformation-defective Fos mutants with structural alterations in the acidic region or the right half of the adjacent basic DNA contact site do not show any inhibition of transformation. This result, taken together with the repression of transformation by the leucine zipper-deficient mutants L345 and J/R510s, indicates that the interaction of Fos with proteins other than Jun is necessary for transformation. The leucine zipper-deficient mutants also inhibit Fos-mediated activation of AP-1-dependent transcription. This suggests that their inhibitory effect on transformation may at least in part be the result of the squelching of proteins other than Jun family members that are required for Fos-mediated transactivation. All three mutants were also found to inhibit transformation by the point-mutated H-ras oncogene from EJ carcinoma cells and to trigger a partial reversion of the transformed phenotype of Ras-transformed fibroblasts. These findings support the conclusion that Ras-induced transformation involves signal transduction pathways inducing the c-fos gene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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