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J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Feb;24(2):190-4.

Randomized clinical trial of tacrolimus- vs cyclosporine-based immunosuppression in pediatric heart transplantation: preliminary results at 15-month follow-up.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Immunology, University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While Tacrolimus (Tac) and Cyclosporine (Cya) immunosuppression are used after cardiac transplantation (tx), few studies have evaluated their use in pediatric patients.

METHODS:

We randomized 26 heart transplant recipients (pts) in a prospective, open-label trial to Tac (n = 14) or Cya (n = 12) to compare their efficacy and side-effects. Mean age at tx was 4.2 years for Tac and 5.8 years for Cya. Mean follow-up was 26 months (range: 11-39 months) for Tac and 24 months for Cya (range: 33-13 months).

RESULTS:

Our data suggest that both regimens are efficacious in the pediatric population. Conversion from Cya to Tac was useful for dealing with persistent rejection, although this sample did not suggest lower incidence of acute cellular rejection in the Tac group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Further studies are required to establish pharmacokinetic parameters to enhance therapeutic monitoring of these patients to minimize side effects and enhance outcomes.

PMID:
15701436
DOI:
10.1016/j.healun.2004.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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