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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2005;19(5):654-66.

A shotgun tandem mass spectrometric analysis of phospholipids with normal-phase and/or reverse-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya City, Aichi 467-8603, Japan.


Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is used in lipidomics studies. The present research established a top-down liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) shotgun analysis method for phospholipids (PLs) using a normal-phase column or a C30 reverse-phase column with the data-dependent MS/MS scanning mode. A normal-phase column can separate most of the major different classes of PLs. By using LC/ESI-MS/MS with a normal-phase column, approximately 50 molecular species were identified in a PL mixture from rat liver. When the reverse-phase column was used, the PLs could be separated depending on their hydrophobicity, essentially the length of their fatty acyl chains and the number of unsaturated bonds in them. The LC/ESI-MS/MS method using a C30 reverse-phase column was applied to phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) mixtures as test samples. Molecular species with the same molecular mass but with different pairs of fatty acyl chains were separately identified. As a result, about 60 PC and 50 PE species were identified. PLs from rat liver were subjected to LC/ESI-MS/MS using the C30 reverse-phase column and about 110 molecular species were identified. Off-line two-dimensional LC/ESI-MS/MS with the normal-phase and C30 reverse-phase columns allowed more accurate identification of molecular species by using one-dimensional C30 reverse-phase LC/ESI-MS/MS analysis of the collected fractions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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