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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec;1037:138-44.

Frequency of MICA in all babies in southeast Sweden (ABIS) positive for high-risk HLA-DQ associated with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Molecular Immunogenetics, CMM; L8:00, Karolinska Hospital, S-17176, Stockholm, Sweden. sanjeevi.carani@molmed.ki.se.

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease known to occur in genetically susceptible individuals after exposure to certain unknown environmental factors. HLA-DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 are established genetic markers for the disease. MHC class I chain-related gene-A (MICA) gene polymorphism has been proposed to be associated with T1DM. To identify the environmental factors and for implementing intervention trials to prevent T1DM, it is important to screen subjects at genetically increased risk for developing T1DM. The All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study aims to assess the risk of future progression to T1DM in the general child population. In the present report, we studied the frequency of MICA alleles among newborn babies carrying high-risk HLA DQ2 or DQ8. Of 2821 newborns, we found 563 subjects positive for DQ2, 583 subjects positive for DQ8, 133 subjects positive for DQ2-DQ8 (heterozygous), and 1013 subjects positive for either DQ2 or DQ8. Of these 1013 babies, we typed 499 babies for MICA. Frequency of MICA5 was 38% among DQ8+, 35% among for DQ2-DQ8 (heterozygous) positives, and 22.5% among DQ2+ babies. Frequency of MICA5.1 was 81% among DQ+, 62% among DQ8+, and 71% among DQ2-DQ8 (heterozygous) positives. Frequency of MICA6 was between 20% and 22% among the three groups. Frequency of MICA5/5.1 was 19% among DQ2-DQ8 (heterozygous) positives and between 12% and 13% among those positive for DQ2, DQ8, DQ2, or DQ8. The results from genetic typing in this study would be useful, in conjunction with results from autoantibody analysis that are prospectively being followed-up in all the babies, to develop an approach for identifying children at risk for developing T1DM. Inclusion of MICA typing in addition to HLA could be useful for screening of genetic markers associated with T1DM.

PMID:
15699508
DOI:
10.1196/annals.1337.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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