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Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2005 Jan-Mar;18(1):21-31.

MAPK activation via 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor is involved in the neuroprotective effects of xaliproden.

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  • 1Universit√© Louis Pasteur, Facult√© de Pharmacie, Illkrich, France.


Motoneurons require neurotrophic factors for their survival and their differentiation. Xaliproden (SR57746A) is a synthetic compound that exhibits in vivo and in vitro neurotrophic effects in several experimental studies. Here we demonstrate that neuroprotective effects of Xaliproden on motoneuron cultures are mediated by the activation of the mitogen activated protein kinase pathway. It is inhibited by PD98059, a selective and irreversible inhibitor of MEK1. The activation of this pathway seems to involve two different proteins, the protein kinase C and the Ras. Indeed, we show that Xaliproden is able to activate the MAP kinases ERK1/2 and PKC in motoneurons. In addition, the use of a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor antagonist, Pindobind and pertussis toxin, inhibits the effect of Xaliproden on motoneuron survival, suggesting the involvement of this G-protein coupled receptor. Morever, 8-OH-DPAT, an agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor, increases the survival of mouse motoneurons but not by the same extent as BDNF or xaliproden. Since 8-OH-DPAT does not act synergistically with Xaliproden, it is likely that their neuroprotective properties involve a similar pathway. Taken together, these results indicate that neuroprotective effects of Xaliproden on mouse motoneurons are dependent on the mitogen-activated protein kinase activation via 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor.

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