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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Dec 17;93(25):256804. Epub 2004 Dec 14.

Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on semiconductor gratings.

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Institut für Halbleitertechnik, RWTH Aachen, Sommerfeldstrasse 24, D-52056 Aachen, Germany.


We present time-domain measurements of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagating on gratings structured on silicon surfaces. Using single-cycle pulses of terahertz radiation to excite SPPs in a broad frequency range, we observe that the efficient SPPs scattering on the semiconductor periodic structure introduces significant dispersion and modifies the SPPs propagation. A stop gap, or a frequency range where SPPs are Bragg reflected, is formed by the structure. This gap depends strongly on the Si doping density and type. The resonant scattering at the edge of the gap reduces the group velocity by more than a factor of 2. The measurements show a good agreement with our numerical calculations based on the reduced Rayleigh equation.

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