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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Dec 10;93(24):246404. Epub 2004 Dec 10.

Valence transition of YbInCu4 observed in hard X-ray photoemission spectra.

Author information

1
Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 2-313, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan. jinjin@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Yb 3d and valence-band photoemission spectra of the first-order valence-transition compound YbInCu4 have been measured with hard x ray at an excitation energy of 5.95 keV. Abrupt changes are clearly observed in both spectra around the transition temperature T(V)=42 K, in comparison with ultraviolet and soft x-ray photoemission (VUV-PES and SX-PES) spectra. From the Yb 3d spectra, the Yb valence has been estimated to be approximately 2.90 from 220 down to 50 K and approximately 2.74 at 30-10 K. We propose that Yb 3d hard x-ray photoemission spectroscopy is a very powerful method to estimate the valence of Yb with high accuracy. On the other hand, the Yb2+ 4f-derived peaks in the valence-band spectra exhibit a remarkable enhancement below T(V). The shape of the valence-band spectra is different from those of the VUV-PES and SX-PES spectra above T(V), reflecting the In 5s and 5p contributions.

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