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J Cell Biochem. 2005 Apr 15;94(6):1199-209.

Transactivation of hsp70-1/2 in geldanamycin-treated human non-small cell lung cancer H460 cells: involvement of intracellular calcium and protein kinase C.

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  • 1Department of Life Science and Institute of Biotechnology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 300, Republic of China.


Geldanamycin is an antitumor drug that binds HSP90 and induces a wide range of heat shock proteins, including HSP70s. In this study we report that the induction of HSP70s is dose-dependent in geldanamycin-treated human non-small cell lung cancer H460 cells. Analysis of the induction of HSP70s specific isoform using LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis and Northern blotting showed that HSP70-1/2 are the major inducible forms under geldanamycin treatment. Transactivation of hsp70-1/2 was determined by electrophoretic mobility-shift assay using heat shock element (HSE) as a probe. The signaling pathway mediators involved in hsp70-1/2 transactivation were screened by the kinase inhibitor scanning technique. Pretreatment with serine/threonine protein kinase inhibitors H7 or H8 blocked geldanamycin-induced HSP70-1/2, whereas protein kinase A inhibitor HA1004, protein kinase G inhibitor KT5823, and myosin light chain kinase inhibitor ML-7 had no effect. Furthermore, the protein kinase C (PKC)-specific inhibitor Ro-31-8425 and the Ca2+-dependent PKC inhibitor Gö-6976 diminished geldanamycin-induced HSP70-1/2, suggesting an involvement of the PKC in the process. In addition, geldanamycin treatment causes a transient increase of intracellular Ca2+. Chelating intracellular Ca2+ with BAPTA-AM or depletion of intracellular Ca2+ store with A23187 or thapsigargin significantly decreased geldanamycin-transactivated HSP70-1/2 expression. Taken together, our results demonstrate that geldanamycin-induced specific HSP70-1/2 isoforms expression in H460 cells through signaling pathway mediated by Ca2+ and PKC.

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