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Lab Invest. 2005 Mar;85(3):364-75.

p57Kip2 (cdkn1c): sequence, splice variants and unique temporal and spatial expression pattern in the rat pancreas.

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1
Endocrinology and Metabolism Service, Internal Medicine Department, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p57Kip2 (CDKN1C) is a negative regulator of cell proliferation, binding to a variety of cyclin-CDK complexes and inhibiting their kinase activities in vitro. The p57Kip2 gene is imprinted and the maternal allele is expressed in terminally differentiated cells, including human beta-cells. Somatic loss of p57Kip2 expression is associated with increased beta-cell proliferation in the focal form of Hyperinsulinism of Infancy. We cloned and sequenced the rat ortholog of p57Kip2, and demonstrate that it is highly homologous to the mouse gene. However, the human and rodent genes are quite divergent. Despite having highly homologous C- and N-terminal domains, the mid-portion of the human gene is entirely different from that of its rodent counterparts. Expression of p57Kip2 was evaluated during fetal and postnatal development, and a highly cell-specific, temporal and spatial expression profile was found. In contrast to other tissues, the expression pattern in rat pancreas was entirely opposite from that previously reported in man, with high levels of expression in rodent exocrine cells, but no expression in beta-cells during any stage of development. These findings demonstrate that p57Kip2 expression is highly regulated. In the pancreas, the functional significance of this gene appears to be quite different in humans when compared with rodents, suggesting that a better understanding of the function of this protein may provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in the control of human beta-cell mass.

PMID:
15696192
DOI:
10.1038/labinvest.3700229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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